Patterns of plant use in religious offerings in Bali (Indonesia)

Wawan, Sujarwo and Giulia, Caneva and Vincenzo, Zuccarello (2020) Patterns of plant use in religious offerings in Bali (Indonesia). Acta Botanica Brasilica, 34 (1). pp. 40-53. ISSN 0102-3306

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Balinese Hinduism has incorporated local animistic traditions and offerings, which play a key role in the religious ceremonies called “five holy ceremonies” or Panca yadnya. Since plants constitute fundamental elements of these offerings, we aimed to contribute to their knowledge. We analyzed plants used during ceremonies by interviewing key informants in four ancient villages of Bali (Bali aga). We identified exclusive and common species associated with different kinds of ceremonies and assessed whether there was any pattern in the selection of plants for the various offerings. We recorded 125 species (112 genera, 49 families), most of which belong to the wild ethnoflora of Bali, but also 36 species that are not native to the Malesian region. The religious relationships among ceremonies, called yadnyas, reveal specific compositions of the offerings, with the plants falling into two main groups: common, which comprises 58 plants shared by all yadnyas, and specific, mostly connected to a single yadnya. This pattern of plant use is similar to the previously detected pattern in the traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of aga villages. The use of plants for Panca yadnya can help avoid cultural erosion related to globalization.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Validated by Sri Wulan
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bali aga, Ceremonies and rituals, Floristic similarity, Orthopraxy, Plant pool, Traditional ecological knowledge
Subjects: Medicine & Biology
Medicine & Biology > Botany
Divisions: OR_Hayati_dan_Lingkungan > Ekologi_dan_Etnobiologi
Depositing User: - Patmiati -
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2023 08:48
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2023 08:48

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